The Company of Howard Hughes’ Climate Change Fight - Old Govt Documentation On Geoengineering *
Wise Up Journal
By Gabriel O’Hara
We are so familiar with nonsensical trivia that fills so many news mediums these days that the following information might appear the same but it’s quite the opposite. It will soon become apparent, from authorised sources, how important it is. To give the subject proper consideration we’ll need to look at a number of these sources including an important government funded report, an article published by the New York Times (wrote by Pulitzer Prize winner Seymour M. Hersh reminding us of some old facts), and some other government sources.
Howard Hughes Company’s Climate Change Fight
The text below is taken directly from the United States Government Patent site. The restricted for government only domain, .gov, can be seen in the site’s address. It shows a technology with patent number 5003186 by Hughes Aircraft Company filed in 1990 with relating technology filed in 1965. Keep in mind that the U.S. government funded a large 1992 report titled ‘Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming: Mitigation, Adaptation, and the Science Base‘ (which can be can be read from the archive of the National Academies Press) discussed this technology on a global scale and expressed, quote: “the surprises of this analysis is the relatively low costs”. We’ll read some more detailed extracts from this report momentarily and see how current administrations support it but first the technology Hughes Company developed decades ago:
“United States Patent 5,003,186
“Hughes Aircraft Company
“Filed: April 23, 1990
U.S. Patent Documents
“3222675 December 1965
“Stratospheric Welsbach seeding for reduction of global warming
“This invention relates to a method for the reduction of global warming resulting from the greenhouse effect, and in particular to a method which involves the seeding of the earth’s stratosphere with Welsbach-like materials.
“Most current approaches to reduce global warming are to restrict the release of various greenhouse gases, such as CO.sub.2, CFC, and methane. These imply the need to establish new regulations and the need to monitor various gases and to enforce the regulations.
“One technique proposed to seed the metallic particles was to add the tiny particles to the fuel of jet airliners, so that the particles would be emitted from the jet engine exhaust while the airliner was at its cruising altitude. While this method would increase the reflection of visible light incident from space, the metallic particles would trap the long wavelength blackbody radiation released from the earth. This could result in net increase in global warming.
“It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a method for reduction of global warming due to the greenhouse effect which permits heat to escape through the atmosphere.
“Such materials can include the class of materials known as Welsbach materials. The oxides of metal, e.g., aluminum oxide, are also suitable for the purpose. The greenhouse gases layer typically extends between about seven and thirteen kilometers above the earth’s surface. The seeding of the stratosphere occurs within this layer. The particles suspended in the stratosphere
“Welsbach materials have the characteristic of wavelength-dependent emissivity (or reflectivity). For example, thorium oxide (ThO.sub.2) has high emissivities in the visible and far IR regions but it has low emissivity in the near IR region.
“It is presently believed that particle sizes in the ten to one hundred micron range would be suitable for the seeding purposes. Larger particles would tend to settle to the earth more quickly.
“The greenhouse gases are typically in the earth’s stratosphere at an altitude of seven to thirteen kilometers. This suggests that the particle seeding should be done at an altitude on the order of 10 kilometers. The particles may be seeded by dispersal from seeding aircraft; one exemplary technique may be via the jet fuel as suggested by prior work regarding the metallic particles.”
The National Academy of Sciences (who have a U.S. Congress Charter) organised the creation of the report (‘Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming: Mitigation, Adaptation, and the Science Base‘) and on page VIII of the Front Matter it states that the project was funded by the government (the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) and got other funding from “a consortium of private foundations, including the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Charles E. Culpeper Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation “. The project had a massive amount of people involved and United Nations man Maurice Strong was there at the conception phase as stated on page III. These introductory pages show what specialists, from private and government bodies, were involved with tunnel knowledge in the fields of Chemistry, Law, the Air Force, Biomedical Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Genetics, Atmospheric Physics, and Economics to name a few. Professors were brought in from the most upper-class colleges in the United States such as Harvard, Yale, Carnegie, Berkeley, MIT (who constantly work with the United States Department of Defense), the Rockefeller University and so on. General Motors acquired Hughes Aircraft Company plus it’s technology and their Vice President of their research laboratories, Robert Frosch, took part along with Joseph Glas the Director Vice President and General Manager of the Fluoro-chemicals division at Du Pont (the world’s second largest chemical corporation that also works with the military). There are many other notables including John McLucas, the former United States Secretary of the Air Force
On page 59 of the report Hughes patented way is listed among other options:
“Use aircraft to maintain a cloud of dust in the low stratosphere to reflect sunlight.”
Page 59 it also states:
“Geoengineering options appear technically feasible in terms of cooling effects and costs on the basis of currently available preliminary information.”
On page 460 they express their delight at such low costs, which I’m sure the military (who don’t mind spending billions on a single plane) would also share. It said:
“Perhaps one of the surprises of this analysis is the relatively low costs at which some of the geoengineering options might be implemented.”
Back on page 454 of the 1992 global geoengineering report they go into the costs of chemtrailing with Hughes’ type technology:
“If a dust distribution mission requires the equivalent of a 500-mile flight (about 1.5 hours), the delivery cost for dust is $500/t, and ignoring the difference between English and metric tons, a cost of $0.50/kg of dust. If 1010 kg must be delivered each 83 days, (provided dust falls out at the same rate as soot), 5 times more than the 1987 total ton-miles will be required. The question of whether dedicated aircraft could fly longer distances at the same effective rate should be investigated.”
On page 459 the conflict of interest so called experts recommended going ahead with geoengineering as soon as possible and that the governments of the world can simply reduce as much CO2 as they care to pay for:
“Cloud stimulation by provision of cloud condensation nuclei appears to be a feasible and low-cost option capable of being used to mitigate any quantity of CO2 equivalent per year
“These possibilities appear feasible, economical, and capable of mitigating the effect of as much CO2 equivalent per year as we care to pay for. (Lifting dust, or soot, to the tropopause or the low stratosphere with aircraft may be limited, at low cost, to the mitigation of 8 to 80 Gt CO2 equivalent per year.) Such systems could probably be put into full effect within a year or two of a decision to do so, and mitigation effects would begin immediately. Because dust falls out naturally, if the delivery of dust were stopped, mitigation effects would cease within about 6 months for dust (or soot) delivered to the tropopause and within a couple of years for dust delivered to the midstratosphere.”
The report by hand picked experts and highly respected influential players ends up supporting this option as the most cost effective; good news for GM.
It’s important to note that this technology is just a slight upgrade to old geoengineering technology we forgot about or were not reminded about. The following two 1970s articles are from the New York Times archive (which you can search for yourself on their site):
“New York Times
By LINDA CHARLTON
July 12, 1973, Thursday
“Senate Urges U.S. to Seek End To All ‘Environmental Warfare’; Rainfall Pattern Altered Growing Support Noted
“The Senate gave overwhelming approval today to a resolution calling on the United States to take the lead in seeking an international agreement to prohibit ‘environmental warfare‘ such as past American rainmaking practices in Southeast Asia.”
The second article was written by the famous Pulitzer Prize winner Seymour M. Hersh:
“New York Times
By SEYMOUR M. HERSH
May 19, 1974, Sunday
“U. S. Admits Rain-Making From ‘67 to ‘72 in Indochina; A First in Warfare
“WASHINGTON, May 18– The Defense Department has acknowledged to Congress that the Air Force and Navy participated in extensive rain-making operations in Southeast Asia from 1967 to 1972 in an attempt to slow the movement of North Vietnamese troops and supplies through the Ho Chi Minh Trail network.”
There you have government admitting they can change the climate decades ago. That international treaty was wrote up and ratified from 1977. It’s titled”CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF MILITARY OR ANY OTHER HOSTILE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MODIFICATION TECHNIQUES”and it can be viewed on the Federation of American Scientists site here and on the Carnegie Endowment site here. This technology is obsolete yet remarkably most of us would think it’s a technology yet to be developed. Amazing how much we are not reminded of or not told about.
Everyday we get from media that it’s normal for horrible things happen to countries predominantly made up of brown or black people and we don’t bat an eyelid even if the pain is inflicted from a Western nation. But the question is; does unaccountable national security branches of governance have the same mindset when it comes to us, the peak of democratic civilised society (The UK, USA, France, Canada and so on)? Fortunately there is an answer to that question? As briefly mentioned by the third largest newspaper in the UK:
“A government report just released provides for the first time a comprehensive official history of Britain’s biological weapons trials between 1940 and 1979.
“Many of these tests involved releasing potentially dangerous chemicals and micro-organisms over vast swaths of the population without the public being told.
“The tests, carried out by government scientists at Porton Down
“The report reveals that military personnel were briefed to tell any ‘inquisitive inquirer’ the trials were part of research projects into weather and air pollution.
“One chapter of the report, ‘The Fluorescent Particle Trials’, reveals how between 1955 and 1963 planes flew from north-east England to the tip of Cornwall along the south and west coasts, dropping huge amounts of zinc cadmium sulphide on the population. The chemical drifted miles inland, its fluorescence allowing the spread to be monitored.
“cadmium is recognised as a cause of lung cancerand during the Second World War was considered by the Allies as a chemical weapon.
“In another chapter, ‘Large Area Coverage Trials’, the MoD describes how between 1961 and 1968 more than a million people along the south coast of England, from Torquay to the New Forest, were exposed to bacteria including e.coli and bacillus globigii , which mimics anthrax. These releases came from a military ship,
“The report also reveals details of the DICE trials in south Dorset between 1971 and 1975. These involved US and UK military scientists spraying into the air massive quantities of serratia marcescens bacteria, with an anthrax simulant and phenol.
“some families in areas which bore the brunt of the secret tests are convinced the experiments have led to their children suffering birth defects, physical handicaps and learning difficulties. The report also confirms the use of anthrax and other deadly germs on tests aboard ships in the Caribbean and off the Scottish coast during the 1950s. The document states: ‘Tacit approval for simulant trials where the public might be exposed was strongly influenced by defence security considerations aimed obviously at restricting public knowledge.’
“Sue Ellison, spokeswoman for Porton Down, said: ‘The results from these trials will save lives,’
“Asked whether such tests are still being carried out, she said: ‘It is not our policy to discuss ongoing research.’ “
The publicly unelected characters running national security branches of governance are unaccountable because most of what they do is classified (even to elected member of government) until they decide decades later to declassify some of what they did. When these planes were spraying millions of people obviously the corporate and state run media could not report on it because that is included in National Security laws and the individuals in the general population who noticed the very real spraying were obviously ignored by the major free press who are only free to tell us things of utter importance when given authorization which can be years later or never.
Warring on Warming or Climate Changing
Anything can be done to the public under National Security laws if the excuse is to help in the fight against this or that (especially if the excuse is to save the world ). UN chief Ban Ki-Moon in 2007 expressed, “the danger posed by war to all of humanity and to our planet is at least matched by the climate crisis and global warming ” (reported by MSNBC); Nicolas Sarkozy, French President, recently used a B-class Hollywood movie line when he publicly proclaimed, “It’s a question of survival of the human race ” (reported by the Irish Times). The previous generation were terrified by the global scale cold-war and now their children have a hot war. It’s no surprise a war contractor, Hughes Company, was involved right from the start to combat our climate.
What are they doing today?
When the best and brightest minds decided in the geoengineering report that “such systems could probably be put into full effect within a year or two of a decision to do so, and mitigation effects would begin immediately,” it was the go-ahead signal for the military that the government paid for. That paragraph can be used as the historical justification for the military to go into full effect with global geoengineering and under National Security laws they did not have to tell elected politicians or the public about it, never mind asking for their permission (that is how ever changing democracies are run). In a globaised world National Security branches works together especially with a perceived global threat. Despite the media blackout on current National Security operations there was one report from Germany’s RTL. RTL News is owned by the RTL Group which is Europe’s largest TV, radio and production company. Below are extracts from that 2007 news report (the broadcast can be viewed here):
“Clouds up to 350 km long appear all of a sudden on the radar, but only on the meteorological radars .
“We can state with a 97% certainty that we have on our hands chemical trails [chemtrails] comprised by fine dust containing polymers and metals. The radar images are stunning considering the needed tons of dispersed elements. Military heads claim that the substances used are not harmful.
“Military planes of the German Federal Army are manipulating our climate
“The registers report emissions of chemtrails at low altitudes
“In the following three weeks the instruments register other activities. Meanwhile the satellite imagery is clearly counterfeited by the military.
“[Johannes Remmel - German Politician] ‘It’s obvious that enormous regions are being polluted with clandestine actions. The government must provide explanations to the unsuspecting population.’ “
If militaries around the world were spraying the atmosphere constantly you’d expect it to be detected, right? The Guardian article revealed that government sources in the know were told to lie to the public about spraying the skies so naturally we’d expect to find the new massive changes to the skies explained away as normal by official sources with either a good cover story or a poor one. Unfortunately for our health there is such excuses. NASA who has been monitoring the atmosphere for decades with billion-dollar technology instructed us in early 2007 that an enormous 60% of part of the world’s atmosphere that was clear before is now not anymore and it’s normal. Here is the press release from NASA dot GOV:
“NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md., document for the first time that air around clouds that was previously considered clear is actually filled with particles that are neither cloud droplets nor typical dry aerosols such as dust and air pollution. Worldwide, up to 60 percent of the atmosphere labeled as cloud-free in satellite observations is actually filled with this twilight zone of in-between particles”
Inconveniently or conveniently the photographs on that page are malfunctioning and not appearing. One of the text captions underneath a missing photos states the clouds in this sky “actually has a twilight zone of light-reflecting particles around it “. Light-reflecting particles: remember the government report on geoengineering said,” use aircraft to maintain a cloud of dust in the low stratosphere to reflect sunlight ,” and the Hughes technology uses tiny particles of Welsbach materials to reflect light.
In 2009 a British Royal society declared a new widespread cloud suddenly exists and of course they said it’s normal. All clouds were fully categorised since 1953, by the way. The UK’s largest newspaper the Telegraph reported the following:
By Richard Gray
“Experts at the Royal Meteorological Society are now attempting to have the new cloud type, which has been named ‘Asperatus’ after the Latin word for rough, officially added to the international nomenclature scheme used by forecasters to identify clouds.
“the unique formation has been spotted in skies around the world.”
Well if you believe that and are that easy to turnover then you would have made a great citizen if you lived in Norwich or other parts of the UK during the 1950s, 1960, 1970s (those who would not believe their own lying eyes). There are other people, who are specialised in one area, that may not know what is going on and they become perplexed:
June 29, 2007
“ ‘It is clear that these clouds are changing, a sign that a part of our atmosphere is changing and we do not understand how, why or what it means,’ said atmospheric scientists James Russell III of Hampton University in Hampton, Virginia. ‘These observations suggest a connection with global change in the lower atmosphere and could represent an early warning that our Earth environment is being changed.’ “
The military is changing the climate and we are getting the blame. These long trails have been spotted in the skies around the world because it occurs more over cities. Like the British government before they prefer to spay over populated areas. There are millions of websites (some good some bad) documenting the daily photographs of the skies lined with chemtrails like the ones reported in Germany. This equates to millions of people worldwide being aware of what is going on, however billions are unaware. People who go to the major corporate or government-managed media are ignored like people in the UK decades past. If someone is lucky enough to get a reply from the media it might inform him that the spraying they recorded coming out of a plane is actually the assuredly new normal Asperatus cloud.
What is the mindset behind such schemes endorsed by the top?
The elected government are kept in the dark like the rest of us; so who influences the real government (the unelected more powerful branches)? It’s definitely not people without lofty respect (old money and lots of it).
Another group of high-up and respected experts in a variety of scientific, business and political fields were brought together to prepare long term plans. They’re reports are not confidential; anyone who wants to bore themselves can purchase them on Amazon. These experts penned their organisation with the supposedly impressive name of The Club of Rome. Their 1991 report titled “The First Global Revolution” ( ISBN 0-671-71107-5) has a few revealing paragraphs among all the bureaucratic discourse. In the chapter titled “The Vacuum” (which is defined the illusion of democracy as being too slow and needs to be replaced by fast business type governance structures operating at the international level) it stated:
“It would seem that men and women need a common motivation, namely a common adversary, to organize and act […] The need for enemies seems to be a common historical factor.”
Then a short number of paragraphs later the report states:
“in searching for a new enemy to unite us, we came up with the idea that pollution, the threat of global warming, water shortages, famine and the like would fit the bill. All these dangers are caused by human intervention and it is only through changed attitudes and behaviour that they can be overcome. The real enemy then is humanity itself.”
This organisation with highly influential members had their imaginings accepted years later by billions of people (who may not have realised it yet that they are the invented enemy) thanks to a politician’s movie that was shown in cinemas worldwide but mainly the media. The French President also repeated the intention of this paragraph when he said, ” There is one objective: to encourage homes and businesses to change their behaviour ” (reported by the Irish Times). Green politics has truly been a global revolution not from the pressure of grassroots/bottom movements in the 21 st century as presented, but from the very top in the 20 th century.
The U.S. government’s important geoengineering report also targets people as the problem. On page 420 it states:
“the concomitant reduction in fertility rates could help to hold down overall greenhouse gas emissions at a relatively inexpensive cost per ton of CO2.”
On page 421 the report states:
“The National Research Council (1986) report noted that reducing fertility would produce at every subsequent point slower population growth and smaller population size. Both World Bank and U.N. population projections show that the sooner fertility rates are reduced, the smaller the world population will be at stabilization.”
“at any given rate of greenhouse gas emissions per capita, a smaller population will mean less total emissions“
The report also complains that the U.S. mindset has hindered an in-the-open “national population policy“. China has one of those.
It seems the people in the know are gently preparing the public to accept what is going on as a good idea before they directly admit they were so wise as to do it beforehand using National Security laws. We can see this when Obama’s top science director puts out press statements like the following (reported by the Associated Press): “John Holdren told The Associated Press in his first interview since being confirmed last month that the idea of geoengineering the climate is being discussed. One such extreme option includes shooting pollution particles into the upper atmosphere to reflect the sun’s rays.”
Fox News produced an article on John Holdren that did not get much attention. They tell you about Holdren’s book of recommendations but then in mainstream media and typical damage-control fashion they include information with the goal of creating doubt that Holdren did not mean what he co-wrote. Here are some facts from that article not the opinions:
July 21, 2009
“He co-authored in 1977, ‘Ecoscience: Population, Resources, Environment,’
“Holdren and his co-authors spend a portion of the book discussing possible government programs that could be used to lower birth rates.
“Those plans include forcing single women to abort their babies or put them up for adoption; implanting sterilizing capsules in people when they reach puberty; and spiking water reserves and staple foods with a chemical that would make people sterile.“
Fortunately there are a small number of people with extremist views like Holdren, unfortunately they can be found in high positions in society like one of Gordon Brown’s top advisors who longs for the UK population of 61 million to be cut by 30 million people as reported by the Times. You’ll find an almost endless list of people at the top who believe this. And some like Senator Rockefeller utterly adore John Holdren. CNSN News has a video in this article where you can see Senator Rockefeller at a Congressional Hearing say, “Dr. Holdren, I don’t want to embarrass you, but I sometimes refer to you as walking on water.” People like Holdren and Holdren himself have taught young men and women (future misleaders and experts) at top universities including Harvard, where he was a professor; so is it any wonder that minds shaped in this way support geoengineering.
The particles mentioned in Hughes’ patent are not the best things to inhale. Aluminium oxide causes Alzheimer symptoms in human brains and thorium oxide is radioactive (it has been used as a nuclear fuel). It’s interesting to note that there are reports of rainwater tested (after the sky was filled with chemtrails) and laboratory results showed the presence of Barium. Thorium oxide has been replaced in x-ray machines with Barium as it’s a little less toxic. When this stuff settles down to the earth and inhaled by us it’s not going to be great for the health. It won’t damage you immediately of course, humans are relatively sturdy. Daily intake and the built up of microns of poisonous materials will however gradual wear down strong biology.
The public are kept in the dark and in that regard nothing has really changed for thousands of years. Maybe it’s time to reconsider the entire power structure of official authorities ruling over us and to stop giving approval to be managed.
Note: How to differentiate a chemtrail from a condensation trail
To people unfamiliar with this subject it comes as a surprise that most people living in cities don’t look up. If you live in a city all you need do is look up for a few minutes each day for a couple of days and you’ll spot the streaks in the sky and the odd plane spewing out chemtrails among commercial planes (that have ordinary contrails behind them). Sometimes the skies are absolutely saturated with trails criss-crossing each other miles long and the public don’t notice a thing, even if they are told to look up. These chemtrails expand out forming large artificial clouds. If a number of chemtrails are sprayed the sky looks like a milky blanket. Normal condensation trails from ordinary planes are relatively short and evaporate soon afterwards as they are merely condensation not made up of chemicals or particles like the military planes sprayed in Germany and the UK.