Official Encyclopaedia History: U.S. Iran-Contra Scandal And The Good Ole Days *
Wise Up Journal
By Gabriel O’Hara
The sourced information used in this piece simply comes from the 2009 Encarta Encyclopaedia. Some experienced readers may be surprised. Encyclopaedias are unfortunately concise, give the establishment point-of-view and are watered down. However, there are some behind the scenes events that become so well exposed that even when watered down the information is still potent. Information from an established mainstream Encyclopaedia logically cannot be accused of the current tendency to categorise any information of great consequence with the loaded and popularised TV term conspiracy. Below is what the Encarta Encyclopaedia states about the United States’ Iran-Contra Affair:
“Iran-Contra Affair, American political scandal of 1985 and 1986, in which high-ranking members in the administration of President Ronald Reagan arranged for the secret sales of arms to Iran in direct violation of existing United States laws. Profits from the $30 million in arms sales were channeled to the Nicaraguan right-wing ‘contra’ guerrillas to supply arms for use against the leftist Sandinista government. This, too, was in direct violation of U.S. policy. The chief negotiator of these deals was Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North, a military aide to the National Security Council.
“North was instrumental in setting up a covert network for providing support to the contras, with its own ship, airplanes, airfield, and secret bank accounts .
“In November 1986 a Lebanese magazine disclosed that the United States government had negotiated an arms deal with Iran […] as new details of the widening scandal emerged, a series of congressional and legal investigations began .
“In May 1989 North was tried and convicted of obstructing Congress and unlawfully destroying government documents
“The scandal’s reverberations concerning the ultimate responsibility for the operation continued into the 1990s. In December 1992 President George Bush [Former CIA Director], who had been vice president under Reagan and who had also been implicated , but not charged, in the scandal, issued pardons to many of the top government officials who had been charged or convicted for their role in the Iran-Contra affair.”
The “political scandal” began in 1985 to 1986 but the “affair” went back to the start of the 1980s. The encyclopaedia does not mention at that time Iran was viewed as a hostile enemy to the U.S. on the world stage because the U.S. claimed Iran to be so. The National Security advisor, John Poindexter, was found guilty of defrauding the government as he personally authorized the money laundering to overthrow the Nicaraguan government. Defense Secretary, Caspar Weinberger, and CIA superior, Clair E. George, were formally charged with lying to Congress and perjury. During the trials CIA chief of covet operations in Central America, Alan Fiers, admitted that he had lied to Congress. The convictions gave the illusion of justice in a perceived free nation where “no man is above the law” but later when the affair died down in the busy public’s mind North and Poindexter, having been found guilty, had their convictions set aside. The most powerful aspects of government are held by the unelected. On Christmas Eve , distracting date for the majority of the public, George Bush gave the orders to pardon all the principals convicted or charged. If a foreign nation was sponsoring an armed group within the United States to violently overthrow the government that group would be deemed a terrorist organisation and that foreign nation a you know what. The Encarta Encyclopaedia never mentioned drug imports into the U.S. also provided funding to the U.S. backed South American terrorists. There are a few other considerable illegal actions that can be found in the federal records, congressional records, and committee reports for anyone who wants to look.
Today we do not have devious plans carried out; those are for the forgotten days of Rome. In the modern world we have affairs. When affairs come to light we have scandals. The Iran-Contra Affair is not an exception in U.S. or international dealings. Another affair listed in the Encyclopaedia is how the Vietnam War started. The Encyclopaedia explains the public were told “North Vietnamese coastal gunboats fired on the destroyer USS Maddox, which had penetrated North Vietnam’s territorial boundaries in the Gulf of Tonkin,” and “on August 4 both the Maddox and the USS Turner Joy reported that North Vietnamese patrol boats had fired on them.” But ahead of telling the public; “within hours of the attacks, Johnson approved reprisal air strikes against North Vietnam.” The story to start the war was a lie; the Vietnamese attack was a fiction. Snuggled in the Encyclopaedia account of Vietnam it states the following:
“Subsequent congressional investigations would conclude that the August 4 attack almost certainly had never occurred. In 2005 the release of previously classified documents added more support to the finding that the August 4 attack never occurred .
“In 2006 the declassification of National Security Agency (NSA) documents revealed an internal appraisal of the incident by an NSA historian, which concluded that the ships were not attacked on August 4 and that evidence was ‘deliberately skewed’ to support the claim that an attack occurred.”
The official belief is that in open democratic countries governments are simply servants of the people. How can classified/confidential/secret government operations occur and classified documents be kept for decades in a society and that society still be considered open and free? While war can benefit geopolitical agendas and create tremendous profits for corporations supplying war efforts, this war lie by the government intelligence agency to justify the war caused millions of people to be killed in Vietnam, which included over 60,000 Americans. And more Vietnamese died after the war due to Monsanto’s Agent Orange that the U.S. air force followed orders to spray over the country. Thousands American soldiers also went home with disabilities. There are some personality types who believe that the end goal justifies an y actions whatsoever to arrive at it. To these types deaths of foreign peoples and American are insignificant for the exception that American deaths be reduced as not to sway a majority of the U.S. public opinion against the war. Henry Kissinger (U.S. Secretary of State, National Security Adviser, Foreign-Policy Adviser) who had an extensive hand in Vietnam called solders “dumb animals” and “cannon fodder”. Soldiers are also referred to as “dogs of war”, perhaps that is why they are issued dog tags.
What were the U.S. war ships doing in Vietnam before the lie to kick of the war? The Encyclopaedia explains:
“The U.S.S. Maddox, a destroyer of the United States Navy, was patrolling the gulf coast seeking reconnaissance about the North Vietnamese. At the same time, a number of smaller ships were conducting covert operations in the gulf against the North Vietnamese ; these ships, which were in North Vietnamese territorial waters , eventually shelled several offshore islands.”
The U.S. war against Spain in 1898, which “marked the end of Spain’s colonial empire and the rise of the United States as a global military power”, also was kicked off by a convenient lie. The U.S. sent the “second-class battleship Maine” to the Spanish colony Havana, Cuba. A few nights later the warship spectacularly blew up killing 266 people. The American public were repeatedly told Spain had attacked. The U.S. president, William McKinley, seeking permission to go to war told Congress a submarine mine had blew up the ship and although he can’t conclusively prove it was Spain’s submarine mine he held Spain responsible for it. Presidents used to have to get permission to declare a false war back then. From the time of the U.S.S. Maine incident to permission being granted to go to war the mainstream press grabbed public support with the battle-cry/slogan “Remember the Maine!” One paragraph in the encyclopaedia states:
“A U.S. Navy study published in 1976 suggested that spontaneous combustion in the ship’s coal bunkers caused the explosion.”
In fact the people onboard the Washington ship which witnessed the Maine’s explosion knew this and the Spanish even helped in the rescue. A few initial news articles reported how it was an accident. The text below is from a news article, published the day after the incident, which is attached to the Encarta Encyclopaedia:
“St. Louis Post-Dispatch February 16, 1898
“OVER 250 LIVES LOST ON THE BATTLESHIP MAINE
“The cause of the explosion is ascribed to bursting boilers and a lamp explosion in the magazine boat Whitehead on board.”
“Passengers on the steamship City of Washington saw the blowing up of the battleship Maine.”
“Spanish boats from shore joined those of the Washington alongside at once, but the regular ferryboats passing soon after the explosion didn’t stop to offer aid.”
“The officers of the ship say the explosion was in the central magazine.”
“All agree that a double explosion occurred from the natural result of an underwater explosion of the magazines.”
The public have short memories and repetitive mainstream war slogans like “Remember Maine” win out in the end.
The Encyclopaedia also has a transcript from the U.S. Department of State, April 1898, with the President giving out propaganda to the government for a war with Spain:
“…it becomes my duty now to address your body with regard to the grave crisis that has arisen in the relations of the United States to Spain
“The destruction of that noble vessel has filled the national heart with inexpressible horror . Two hundred and fifty-eight brave sailors and marines and two officers of our Navy, reposing in the fancied security of a friendly harbor, have been hurled to death , grief and want brought to their homes , and sorrow to the nation .
“The Naval Court of Inquiry, which, it is needless to say, commands the unqualified confidence of the government, was unanimous in its conclusion that the destruction of the Maine was caused by an exterior explosion, that of a submarine mine.”
A few days later the United States declared war on Spain. Under the pretence of ending Spanish rule in Cuba the U.S. expanded their conflict into a “two theatre” war on the world stage by invading and occupying the Spanish owned Philippines, over 9,000 miles away. In February before the war was declared, Theodore Roosevelt who was assistant secretary of the navy at the time recommended that “vigorous action” be taken against the Spanish in the Philippines. Roosevelt was a big fan of naval war; when he was only twenty three his book, The Naval War of 1812, was published.
The Encyclopaedia states:
“U.S. troop strength reached 8500 by the end of July, and Dewey and the Army demanded the surrender of Manila on August 7. They then arranged with the Spanish captain general to occupy key positions before the Filipino insurgents did . The U.S. flag was hoisted over Manila on August 13.
“Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty on December 10, 1898, in Paris, France. It provided for Spanish withdrawal from Cuba, leaving the island under temporary U.S. occupation.
“Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines were ceded by Spain to the United States, which in turn paid Spain $20 million . In December 1898 the United States announced the establishment of U.S. military rule in the Philippines .
“The defeat marked the end of Spain’s colonial empire and the rise of the United States as a global military power.”
Then hundreds of thousands of Filipinos died during the U.S. war against Filipinos who wanted independence. Filipinos lived under U.S. occupation for nearly fifty years. Guam’s territory is still under the United States and the U.S. has military bases in the Philippines with a “special” military relationship in force. In 1952 the United States converted Puerto Rico to a commonwealth similar to the British Empire’s larger commonwealth. The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico has a nonvoting representative in the U.S. Congress.
The ‘good’ ole days of preemptive strikes in capturing more states for the United States
The United States consisted of only thirteen states. The United States became what it is today by invading and occupying foreign states. In 1817 U.S troops invaded a neighbouring state, lead by Andrew Jackson (7th president of the United States). Like George W. Bush of the 21 st century the pretence for invasion and occupation was to smoke out the ‘terrorists’, back then called Seminole (Native North American people). Nothing has changed. The encyclopaedia said:
“The First Seminole War (1817-1818) began when U.S. troops, commanded by Jackson, invaded Florida to retaliate for border raids by the Seminole. General Jackson captured the city of Pensacola in May 1818 and deposed the Spanish government. After long negotiations, Spain agreed in 1819 to cede Florida to the United States. A probable factor in the decision was that Spain was troubled at that time by revolts in its South American colonies and could ill afford to go to war with the United States.”
With U.S. aggression against Mexico Encarta encyclopaedia said:
“the Mexican War (1846-1848) between Mexico and the United States.
“President James K. Polk was committed to the expansion of the United States
“In 1845 U.S. president James K. Polk sent diplomat John Slidell to Mexico to seek border adjustments in Texas in return for the U.S. government’s settlement of the claims of U.S. citizens against Mexico, and also to make an offer to purchase California and New Mexico. The Mexican authorities refused to negotiate with Slidell. After the failure of this mission, a U.S. army under General Zachary Taylor advanced to the mouth of the Rio Grande, the river that the state of Texas claimed as its southern boundary.
“Mexico was not defeated until troops under General Winfield Scott invaded Mexico City, which fell on September 14, 1847.
“On February 2, 1848, California was ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which formally ended the Mexican War.
“Under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed on February 2, 1848, Mexico relinquished its claims to Texas, and the United States acquired land that would become the states of California, Nevada, and Utah, and parts of Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Wyoming.
“the victory increased the area of the country by approximately 66 percent.”
The states then “adopted a constitution that protected the institution of slavery, which had been prohibited by Mexican law.”
History is told to children in school and some history is thought by the experts to be too harsh for children’s ears so they are given a beautiful tale which is updated from decade to decade adapting to the current political climate. During the British Empire, which committed countless atrocities around the world, the British public were told how wonderful the nation of Britain was. Today, with the U.K. amalgamated into the EU, nationalism is played down and international cooperation promoted. None of those school-book versions included the full dirty truth. The majority of children who believe what they are thought as ‘fact’ in school then turn into ‘true believers’ as adults.
Massive secrets can be kept until it’s decided to be revealed. The Encyclopaedia explains:
“The Manhattan Project ranks as the largest industrial and scientific effort in the history of the world, […] all research and experiments were conducted in almost total secrecy . Only a relatively small number of people knew the exact purpose of the project , which created the most powerful weapon ever used.”
They are talking about the atomic bomb. An atomic bomb could go off inside the United States and congress along with the public would not know about it until the summit of the real controlling branch of government decided the press is free to reveal it. Which is exactly what happen when the first atomic bomb went off in New Mexico, July 16, 1945.
Fragmented information is there for people showing that democratic governments do not operate the way school textbooks or patriot radio shows claim they do today or in the proud ole days.